The meaning of Pentecost is the number 50 and the Pentecost Festival is 50 days after the annual Passover. On that Pentecost day the Holy Spirit came to all believers in the form of 2 outward signs: 1. a sound like blowing of a violent wind and 2. What seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them? Each began to speak in a tongue that everyone understood in their own language.
The Holy Spirit came to people before Pentecost, but only for a limited period of time for a special work. At Pentecost the Holy Spirit came to all men who believed. He is now for anybody.
This was not the first time the Holy Spirit came in such a miraculous way. In Genesis 11 the Holy Spirit came and confused their language so they were not able to understand. In Acts 2 it was the opposite. The Holy Spirit rested on them in their own language so they would understand. To me this shows the power of the Holy Spirit and that He can do anything. I think this gave the disciples much confidence for their mission to come.
Jesus sent us His Holy Spirit whose power is beyond human abilities and guides us toward God. The Spirit helps us understand the Word, know the heart of God, empowers us for ministry, comforts us, makes us holy and seals us in Christ guarantying us that we are His. We can grief the Holy Spirit when we sin and ignore the truth He shows us. The deepest longing of the Spirit is to glorify Jesus Christ. What is your deepest longing?
Peter was a changed man. Before Jesus’ arrest he was afraid because he knew Jesus. Now he began to preach in a bold way preaching unity of faith as he stood up with the 11 disciples and addressed the crowd proclaiming the gospel and the resurrection. There’s strength in numbers. By standing together this probably made them stronger and more courageous.
“The last days” began at Pentecost as described in Joel. We are now in the last days before Jesus returns. He will pour out His spirit on all believers – they will prophesy, see visions and dreams, he will show wonders in the heavens above and signs on the earth below. Before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord, the sun will turn to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and glorious day of the Lord (17-20). I don’t think “the day of the Lord” is an actual day, but the beginning of God’s judgment with the return of Jesus Christ (20).
Peter describes the life of Jesus on earth as a man accredited by God to do miraculous wonders and signs. He described the death of Jesus as being handed over to the people
by God’s set purpose and foreknowledge and put to death by nailing Him to the cross. He described Jesus’ resurrection as God raising Him freeing Him from the agony of death because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on Him. He held the crowd responsible because they rejected and betrayed Jesus.
When the people heard all Peter had to say, they ask, “What shall we do?” They had quilt and sorrow for what they had done. Peter said to repent and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. There was only 1 relief and that was to repent. Some accepted his message and were baptized – about 3,000.
Repentance and faith go hand in hand. There are 3 steps to repentance.
1. Conviction of sin
2. Sorry for the sin
3. Conversion – turn away from sin and turn to God.
Being baptized is the dipping or immersing in water. It doesn’t provide forgiveness of sin. Only repentance brings forgiveness. Baptism is an outward application of a new life in Jesus Christ.
All those that believed devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching. They met daily together in the temple, they sold possession and gave to anyone who has a need, they ate in each other’s homes and praised God (42-27). They prayed and broke bread together which is called Holy Communion or the Lord Supper today.
1. The Holy Spirit empowers believers to draw others toward Jesus Christ
2. Repentance and faith ushers in the Holy Spirit’s transforming power.
3. Spirit filled believers participate in a devoted community to Christ.
Are you saved? Are you filled with the Holy Spirit?
How are you grieving the Holy Spirit?
How are you allowing the Holy Spirit to use you to bring other to Jesus?
How does devotion to Him compare to your job, hobby, etc.?
Are you maturing in the Christian life as the early believers did?