Wednesday, March 29, 2017

John 19 Part 1 - Jesus Tried and Crucified

Last time in John 18 we saw that Jesus was betrayed by Judas and arrested.  We saw Peter deny knowing Jesus 3 different times just as Jesus had predicted.  We saw Jesus question and tried before Annas, Caiaphas, and Pilate.  Pilate offered to release 1 prisoner as was the custom during the Passover.  The crowd chose Barabbas instead of Jesus.

John 19:1-16 – Jesus Sentenced

Now in this chapter Pilate, the Roman governor, had Jesus flogged.  The soldiers made a crown of thorns and placed it on His head.  They clothed Him in a purple robe and shouted at Him over and over again, “Hail, king of the Jews!”John 19:3.  They struck Him in the face. 

Flogging was a dreadful kind of torture.  Some even died during flogging before they were ever crucified.  Pilate thought by flogging Jesus if would satisfy His accusers.  Soldiers would whip the prisoner with a long leather strap studded with bits of lead and bone tearing the flesh to pieces.

Pilate brought Jesus out to the people and once again he told them he could find no charge against Him.  The chief priests and officials shouted, “Crucify! Crucify!”John 19:5.  Pilate said to take Him and crucify Him and that he found no basis for a charge against Him.  The Jews insisted that according to the law he must die, because He claimed to be the Son of God.

Pilate was afraid.  He feared the Jews would report him to Rome so he didn’t want to offend them.  He was also a superstitious Roman that believed the gods came to earth and that they must be treated well or life would be made miserable for him.  Even his wife said to have nothing to do with Jesus, because of a dream she had. (Matt.  27:19).  So Pilate questioned Jesus again asking Him where He was from, but Jesus didn’t answer.  This angered Pilate telling Jesus that he had the authority to free or to crucify Him.

Jesus told Pilate that he had no power over Him.  Pilate tried to set Jesus free, but the Jews keep shouting, “Crucify Him!”John 19:15.  He knew Jesus was innocent, but he was afraid of the Jews.  He made the choice to deliver Jesus to be crucified.

When we live to please everyone so we can get ahead, we’re always fearful.  We don’t want to offend people.  It might get back to the boss.  Sometime we fear God’s judgment, because we don’t always live up to God’s standards.  When we put trust in Jesus as our Savior, we don’t need to fear people or God’s judgment.  We need to trust that He has forgiven us through Jesus’ death on the cross.  “Therefore there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.”Rom. 8:1

Pilate was arrogant, weak, and a self-serving man.  He wasn’t a strong or wise leader.  He was a people pleaser.  Pilate didn’t have anything against Jesus.  He knew Jesus was innocent.  If he let Jesus go free, it would anger the crowd even more and it might cost him his job.  He was out for his own interests.  He compromised his integrity to save his career.  He feared man more than God.

When and how have you comprised your integrity?
How can you speak the truth so others will listen?

Jesus was spit on, hit in the face, scourged, wore a crown of thorns, mocked and unjustly crucified.  He could have call 12 legions of angels and destroyed His persecutors.  But He didn’t.  He bore all the abuse for all sinners.  We wore the crown of thorns so we could wear a crown of glory.  He was clothed in a robe of shame so we could be spotless and stand before God in white robes.  He bore contempt so we could receive praise and glory.

God wants all people to know Jesus.
God is in control and over rules man’s evil schemes.
Trials reveal who we really are.

John 19:17-27 – Jesus Crucified

Jesus had to carry His own cross.  The soldiers lead Him to the place of the Skull.  That’s where they crucified Him along with 2 others.  Pilate prepared a sign to the cross reading, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.”John 19:19.  Pilate meant it as sarcasm; God meant it to be truth.  Jesus really was the promised King of the Jews.  Pilate wrote this to mock the Jews.  The Jews didn’t like what Pilate had written. 

The soldiers crucified Jesus cast lots for His clothing.  This was another prophecy fulfilled.  “They divided my garments among them; and for my clothing they cast lots.”Ps. 22:18.

Jesus’ mother was there at the foot of the cross along with His sister, and Mary Magdalene.  Jesus saw His mother there and told John to take care of her, which he did.

Jesus was the fulfillment of all Old Testament sacrifices.  He was “the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world.”John 1:29.  What a Savior!  He loved us so much that He died for us while we were still sinners.  Jesus said, “No one comes to the Father except through me.” John 4:16.  Neither our riches nor good works can give us access to God.  Only Jesus.

What is the cost of your sin?  The Jews and the Gentiles were guilty of the death of the Son of God.  Pilate represents all human beings.  He was worried about his reputation and position in the world.  He refused the faith and truth Jesus offered.  Many people refuse Jesus and total commitment to Him for the same basic reasons.  None of us can escape eternal destiny.  It will be heaven or hell.  We have a choice.  Which side are you on?  Do you reject Jesus’ deity or do you join other believers in following and trusting in Jesus as your Savior of the world?

Next week we will study John 19 part 2.  Have a blessed day and thanks for visiting my site.  Hope to see you here next time.

If you have enjoyed my post and have found if helpful, please leave a comment or share this post with the buttons below. 

You can also join this site by clicking on the blue button at the top left "Join this site" or you can "Subscribe by Email".  If you follow by email, you will receive an email every time there is a new post. 

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

John 18

Last time we read the prayers of Jesus before He was arrested.  This is often called the High Priestly prayer.  He prayed for Himself to be glorified.  He prayed for His disciples.  He prayed for all believers, then and in the future.  He prayed that we glorify Him in all we do and for us to live in unity. 

John 18:1-14 – Jesus Arrested

After He finished praying He and His disciples crossed over the Kidron and entered the Garden of Gethsemane.  Judas knew this place.  Judas went to Gethsemane with a detachment of soldiers (about 600 men) and officials from the chief priests and Pharisees.  They came with torches and weapons.  Luke 22 and Matthew 26 tell us that Judas betrayed Jesus with a kiss to let the officials know which one to arrest.  Jesus knew exactly what was going to happen.  Dear friend, He knows exactly what is happening in your life, too.  He knows if there is a Judas betraying you.  Remember God has a plan and is always in control.

Jesus was calm and walked right up to them as asked them who they were looking for even though He already knew.  They replied that they were looking for Jesus of Nazareth.  Jesus answered, “I am He.”John 18:5.  Notice here is another “I Am”.  They then fell backwards to the ground.  This showed the power and authority of Jesus.  This is very interesting.  The enemies of God always fall backwards, but the friends of God always fall on their faces.

Jesus didn’t retaliate, but took the initiative and greeted His persecutors.  He commanded the soldiers to let His disciples go because it was Him they wanted.  Jesus was in complete control of His arrest and death.  He was calm.  He was not a tragic victim.  He was the Good Shepherd who willingly laid down His life for His sheep.

How are you choosing to be a victim in your circumstances? 

Peter drew his sword and struck the high priest’s servant cutting off his ear.  Jesus told Peter to put his sword away.  Luke 22 tells us that Jesus touched the man’s ear and healed him.  Jesus said, “Shall I not drink the cup the Father has given me?”John 18:11.  Jesus willing took the cup of God’s wrath for us.  He willing spared us from the punishment we deserve.

Then the soldiers arrested Jesus.  They took Him to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was the high priest.  Was Jesus powerless at this point?  Of course not!  He is God.  “Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once put at my disposal more that 12 legions of angels?  But how then would the Scriptures be fulfilled that say it must happen in this way?”Matt. 26:53-54. 

Jesus chose to be arrested and suffer the cross to save us instead of saving Himself.
He was willing and submissive.  He wants the same willing submission for us.  He gave us an example to follow.  As a Christian people will be falsely accuse, hate, and judge
 you.  We are to be more like Jesus by allowing ourselves to suffer and be crucified for doing the right thing instead of lashing out at some false accusations others might bring upon us.  This way you are showing your accusers God’s love for them giving them opportunity for healing.  Just as we were healed by Christ’s wounds, others will be healed by your wounds.  “When they hurled their insults at him, he did not retaliate; when he suffered, he made no threats.  Instead, he entrusted himself to him who judges justly.  He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, so that we might die to sins and live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed.”1 Peter 2:23-24

Why would these Jewish leaders reject Jesus as their Messiah and want to kill Him?  They knew the Scriptures and the Old Testament prophesies.  Jesus didn’t fit into the image they had for a Messiah.  They couldn’t see Him as a servant.  They heard His teaching and even saw His miracles.  Their comfortable power and prestige was threatened.  They loved their places of honor.   But they rejected Him and stirred up others against Him.  Jesus knew the root of their problem, which was pride.  Jesus always looks at the heart not outward religious performances.  He exposed their sinful hearts. 

Judas in not mentioned in this gospel again.  We know from other Scriptures that he committed suicide because he realized what he had done, but he never truly repented. 

John 18:15-27 – Peter's Denial

Peter and another disciple followed Jesus into the high priest’s courtyard.  As he was standing around a fire with others to keep warm a girl saw Peter and asked if he was the one who was with Jesus.  He said that he was not.  Peter blatantly denies being a disciple of Jesus.  Remember Jesus had told him before that he would deny Him 3 times before the rooster crows.  How quickly our flesh can change when faced with fear and doubt.

Annas questioned Jesus, which was against Jewish law.  Jesus said He had done nothing in secret and had always done things legally and that he should not be asking Him questions.  Annas' examination failed, but Jesus never had any hope of a just trial.  Then an officer struck Him.  Jesus was then taken to Caiaphas, the high priest.  Everything they did at the trials of Jesus was illegal.

Again while Peter was warming himself, he was asked if he was Jesus’ disciples.  He denied it again.  That’s the 2nd denial Jesus predicted.  Then another challenged Peter and asked if he had seen him in the grove with Jesus.  Peter denied it again.  That’s the 3rd denial.  Then the rooster began to crow.  Luke 22 tells us that Peter suddenly remembered what Jesus' warning.  Then filled with remorse, he went out and wept bitterly.

We see the contrast between Jesus and Peter - Jesus in His strength and Peter in his weakness.  Jesus gained strength through prayer, but Peter along with the other disciple fell asleep instead of praying.  Prayer gives us strength to deal with life issues and hard times.  Jesus wants us to come to Him in all things for guidance and strength.

Still Jesus in His infinite love didn’t forsake Peter.  After the resurrection, He still loved and forgave him.  Those that had heard Jesus prediction also heard of Peter’s failure.  They probably never let him forget.  In Acts 2 we see that through Peter’s message at Pentecost 3,000 were saved.  That’s 1000 for every 3 times he denied Jesus.

We all fail is some way, but our failures are not as well known as Peters.  We’ve all denied Jesus in some way.  We fail to recognize our own weakness and trust in ourselves instead of in the Lord.  We fail to pray as often as we should.  We fail to always depend on the Father.  We fail to fear God more than people.  We can always trust our faithful Savior whenever we fail.

When have you been prone to fail the Lord?
How can you prepare so the next time so you will not fail again?
Do you keep account of the failures of others?  We are to love one another and forgive one another just as Jesus loves and forgives us.

Unlike the self-serving Caiaphas, Jesus is our faithful High Priest.  He sacrificed Himself willing for us.  When we fail, we can draw near to Him to find grace to help in our time of need.

John 18:28-40 – Jesus Questioned

The Jews didn’t have the right of capital punishment so they took Jesus to the Roman governor, Pilate.  Pilate had the authority to execute criminals.  The Jewish leaders did not.  It was early morning and the Jews wanted to avoid ceremonial uncleanness so they didn’t enter the palace since they wanted to be able to eat the Passover.  Jewish Law didn’t allow them to enter a Gentile’s house or they would become unclean.  Pilate came out to meet them.

Pilate asked Jesus if He was the king of the Jews.  Jesus asked why Pilate had asked this question.  Being a king had different meanings for different people.  The Romans chose themselves to be kings.  A king for Jewish leaders could have meant a leader of their religion – the Messiah.  Jesus didn’t deny that He was a king.  Jesus was not the kind of king Pilate was referring.  He was not a king of a physical county.  He was King over everyone who believed in Him.  He is our King and everyone who obeys Him belongs to His kingdom. 

Jesus told Pilate that He was not the king of this world and that His kingdom was from another place.  Jesus said He was a king and that is why He was born to come into the world to testify to the truth.  Pilate asked what is truth.  Then Pilate went out to the Jews and said he could find no reason to charge Jesus, but it was the custom to release one prisoner at the time of the Passover.  He asked if they wanted to release “the king of the Jews”.  The crowd shouted, “No, not him!  Give us Barabbas!” – John 18:40.

Pilate announced that Jesus was not guilty and was willing to let Him go, but the Jewish leaders refused and wanted Barabbas to go free instead.  Barabbas was a robber and a murderer.  He deserved punishment, but he became free because Jesus took his punishment.  We are all like Barabbas.  We all deserve God’s punishment because of our sins.  Jesus has taken our punishment.  His death has freed us from the results of our sins.

What is the truth?  It is more that what is morally right or wrong.  It means everything that is true about the nature of God and of men.  It is about why we exist.  It is about God’s plans and purpose on our behalf.  Jesus showed this truth to us by His life, death and resurrection.  The Bible says the Word of God is truth and the Spirit of God is truth.

Who have you crucified today?
Who will you forgive today?

Jesus chose to be arrested and suffer the cross to save us instead of saving Himself.
Even when you fail the Lord, He never fails you.
Our choices impact our eternal life and our witness for Christ.

We all have choices to make in this life.  Jesus chose to obey and go voluntarily to His death for us.  He remained in control through it all.  Peter chose to be fear and doubt, but was restored later and repented.  The soldiers chose to have clouded minds and follow false leaders.  Annas chose to put himself above the law and use his power.  He chose not to believe who Jesus was.  Caiaphas chose to bring false witnesses to convict Jesus.  Pilate chose to not to stand up to the Jewish leaders for what was right.  The people chose to be irresponsible and blinded to the truth.  God holds each one of us responsible for our choices.  We either trust or reject Jesus, the Son of God.

Next week we will study John 19.  Have a blessed day and thanks for visiting my site.  Hope to see you here next time.

If you have enjoyed my post and have found if helpful, please leave a comment or share this post with the buttons below. 

You can also join this site by clicking on the blue button at the top left "Join this site" or you can "Subscribe by Email".  If you follow by email, you will receive an email every time there is a new post. 

Tuesday, March 14, 2017

John 17

In this chapter Jesus prays for Himself, His disciples, and all believers.  Jesus prayed often, but there are only a few of His prayers recorded.  This is His longest pray.  He prayed for protection, sanctification, and unity.  This was the night He would be arrested and then He would die on the cross.  This was God’s plan.  Dying on the cross was the only way to save people from their sins.  Then after 3 days He would be alive again defeating death.  All who believe in Him will have new life like Jesus.

John 17:1-5 – Jesus Prays for Glorification

There is only one way to receive new life as Jesus explains it.  “Now this is eternal life:  that they may know you, the one true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.”John 17:3.  We must know God, but it’s more than that.  Even the devil knows God and can quote Scripture.  Lots of people know about Him, but they do not know His character and do not follow Him.  I know about doctors, but that doesn’t make me a doctor.  We must know as Him as Friend.  It’s all about a relationship.  We confess our sins to Him and He forgives.  Then the Holy Spirit comes to live in us to teach and to guide.  Then we have a new life that is for eternity.

God sent Jesus into the world.  Jesus could have stayed in heaven, but instead He came to earth and became a servant.  This was God’s plan even before creation.  God loved us so much, but couldn’t accept our sin so He sent Jesus to save people from the penalty of their sins.  He was sent to die on the cross for you and me.  He paid the price for our sins.

Jesus brought God glory by completing the work He was given here on earth.  What is glory?  It means to honor, to praise, to exalt, to magnify.  Jesus wanted His death on the cross to reveal God’s character, His victory over death, and then for all people to repent.  He wanted God’s power and plan for salvation to be seen by all.

Jesus prayed for God to glorify Him as He had been before creation.  He was there with God and the Holy Spirit to help in the creation.  He had come to earth as a man and depended on God.  Now He would return to His heavenly position and be our representative before God.  God will glorify Him again for His obedience on the cross.

If knowing God through Jesus brings eternal life, what is keeping you from believing?
How does God have authority over your life?

John 17:6-19 – Jesus Prays for His Disciples

Jesus prays for the disciples.  He is our High Priest.  He will never die again and will always be our High Priest making intercessions for them and all people.  Jesus values those who belong to Him.  God gave us to Jesus and Jesus and the Father are one.  All God has belongs to Jesus and all Jesus has belongs to God.  He loves us so much that He died for us.  He intercedes to the Father for us.  He gave us the Holy Spirit.  Sometimes it’s really hard to comprehend that He values me that much, because I know all by shortcomings, my sinful thoughts, my doubts, my selfishness, etc.  I could go on and on.

Why do you believe Jesus loves you?

Jesus said His disciples brought Him glory.  How did they do that?  They did that by believing, obeying Him, and accepting Him.  They believed He was sent by God.  We can do bring Him glory by believing and following Him daily.  By being an example to the world and sharing the gospel.

How does your life bring glory to God?

Jesus prayed that the Father would protect the disciples, because He loved them.  He knew they would be hated and persecuted and even killed.  He wanted them safe from Satan’s influence.  He prayed for the Father to sanctify them.  Sanctify means to set apart or make holy.   They are set apart from sin and set apart for God.  He prayed they would be consecrated for service in the world.  2 Peter 3:11 tells us we ought to live holy and godly lives.

From what dangers do you need to ask for God’s protection?

Believers also set ourselves apart from the world and to God as we conform to His standards of holiness.  When God saves us from sin and gives us new life, He justifies us meaning that He declares us righteous forever because of Jesus’ atoning death.  Justification is God’s work alone; sanctification is God’s work, but also our work as we pray, study, worship and serve God.  Sanctification is a lifelong growth in holiness.

John 17:20-26 – Jesus Prays for Future Believers

Now Jesus prayed for unity for all believers.  He prayed that God would join believers together as one just as the Father and Jesus are one.  Eph.4:1-6 calls us to be 1 and that there is 1 body, 1 Spirit, 1 hope, 1 Lord, 1 faith, 1 baptism, 1 God and Father for all, who is over all and through all and in all.  We need to stop all the bickering and complaining in our churches and work together in unity.  We all have the same goals and the same mission.

Where is your church divided?
How can you work toward true unity in your church?
Do experience oneness with other believers?

Jesus said He has given us the glory that God gave to Him.  He prayed that He wanted believers to be with Him and to see His glory that God has given Him.

Jesus’ prayer revealed His complete dependence on the Father.  He felt a need to talk to God.  Prayer is having a conversation with God.  Talking as well as listening is important.  The Bible says the prayers of the righteous are powerful.  So don’t give up even when you feel discouraged and when your prayers aren’t answered in the way you wanted.  There are different kinds of prayers.  There is corporate prayer, private prayer, quiet prayer, and audible prayer.  They don’t always produce answers we want or when we want, but they draw do us closer to God.

Do you pray often?
After praying do you take time to listen for God to speak?
How can you pray more for the unsaved?

Through prayer believers receive the power, protection, and courage to live God glorifying lives.
God’s sovereign plan involves Jesus giving eternal life to all who the Father had given Him.
God’s sovereign plan is to glorify Himself and His Son through the cross.

Next week we will study John 18.  Have a blessed day and thanks for visiting my site.  Hope to see you here next time.

If you have enjoyed my post and have found if helpful, please leave a comment or share this post with the buttons below. 

You can also join this site by clicking on the blue button at the top left "Join this site" or you can "Subscribe by Email".  If you follow by email, you will receive an email every time there is a new post.